Treatments Utilized

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• Manual Therapy
  • Soft tissue massage
  • Deep tissue massage
  • Transverse friction
  • Scar massage
  • Passive Range of motion
  • Joint mobilizations
  • Myofascial release

• Progressive Resistive Exercise
  • A method of increasing the strength of a weak or injured muscle by gradually increasing resistance, either by using graduated weights, resistance bands or body weight.

• Functional Exercise
  • Functional training will lead to better joint mobility and stability, as well as more efficient movement patterns. This decreases the potential for an injury sustained during Avtivities of Daily life and or sport. Functional training emphasizes the body's natural ability to move in six degrees of freedom, unlike machines that restrict movements to a single plane of motion. Which is an unnatural form of movement and may lead to faulty movement patterns or injury.

• Plyometrics
  • Also known as "jump training" or "plyos". Exercises based on muscles exerting maximum force in a short a time. The goal is to increase both speed and power. This type of training focuses on learning to move in a rapid or "explosive" way, with repeated jumping to improve performance


• Core Stabilization
  • Typically, the core is associated with the abdominal muscles groups, hip muscles and muscles of the lumbar spine. These muscles are responsible for posture and stability providing the strength required for stability in function and dynamic sports.
  • Whenever a person moves, to lift something or simply to move from one position to another, the core kicks in.
  • Without core stability the lower back is not supported from inside and can be injured by strain caused by activities of daily life, exercise, or sport. It is also believed that insufficient core stability can result in lower back pain and poor posture.


• Balance and Proprioceptive Training
  • Without the appropriate integration of proprioceptive input, people would not even be able to walk without watching where they put their feet.
  • This involves the ability to perceive the position of a joint without the aid of vision.
  • The ability to swing a golf club or to catch a ball requires a finely tuned sense of the position of the joints. This sense needs to become automatic through training to enable a person to concentrate on other aspects of performance, such as motivation or seeing where other people are.
  • Without the appropriate integration of proprioceptive input, people would not even be able to walk without watching where they put their feet.


• Repeated Movement Testing
  • Evaluation technique of applying movements, positions or loads to determine treatment.


• Stretching, Dynamic and Passive
  • Dynamic stretching - A type of stretching while moving.
  • This form of stretching prepares the body for physical exertion and sports performance. It increases range of motion, blood and oxygen flow to soft tissues prior to exertion. Dynamic stretching improves performance and reduces your risk of injury.
  • Passive or Static Stretching - A type of stretch whereby a person stretches the muscle until a gentle tension is felt and then holds the stretch for thirty seconds without any movement or bouncing. The result is a feeling of increased muscle control, flexibility and range of motion. Stretching is also used to alleviate cramps
  • Stretching daily, will increase flexibility, elasticity, range of motion, and production of synovial fluid in joints. Stretching improves balance, physical performance, and blood circulation.


• Therapeutic Modalities
  • Cryotherapy – application of cold, either by applying a cold pack or by ice massage
  • Heat therapy – application of heat by way of Moist Heat Pack
  • Ultrasound

Conditions which ultrasound may be used for include: Ligament Sprains, Muscle Strains, Tendonitis, Joint Inflammation, Plantar Fasciitis, Metatarsalgia, Facet Irritation, Impingement Syndrome, Bursitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis and Scar Tissue Adhesion.

It is used to speed up the healing process, decrease pain by reducing swelling and edema and to gently massage muscles, tendons and or ligaments and can also soften scar tissue.

  • Electric Stimulation:
  • There are various forms of electrical stimulation used in Physical Therapy for purposes of:
  • Pain therapy
  • Relaxation of muscle spasms;
  • Prevention of disuse atrophy;
  • Increasing local blood circulation;
  • Muscle re-education;
  • Immediate post-surgical stimulation of calf muscles to prevent venous thrombosis;
  • Maintaining or increasing range of motion.